Regulation of tolerogenic features on dexamethasone-modulated MPLA-activated dendritic cells by Myc

Paulina A. García-González, Jaxaira Maggi, Katina Schinnerling, Alejandro Sepúlveda-Gutiérrez, Lilian Soto, Oscar Neira, Ahmed M. Mehdi, Hendrik J. Nel, Bárbara Pesce, Octavio Aravena, María Carmen Molina, Diego Catalán, Ranjeny Thomas, Ricardo A. Verdugo, Juan Carlos Aguillón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The potential of tolerogenic dendritic cells (tolDCs) to shape immune responses and restore tolerance has turn them into a promising therapeutic tool for cellular therapies directed toward immune regulation in autoimmunity. Although the cellular mechanisms by which these cells can exert their regulatory function are well-known, the mechanisms driving their differentiation and function are still poorly known, and the variety of stimuli and protocols applied to differentiate DCs toward a tolerogenic phenotype makes it even more complex to underpin the molecular features involved in their function. Through transcriptional profiling analysis of monocyte-derived tolDCs modulated with dexamethasone (Dex) and activated with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA), known as DM-DCs, we were able to identify MYC as one of the transcriptional regulators of several genes differentially expressed on DM-DCs compared to MPLA-matured DCs (M-DCs) and untreated/immature DCs (DCs) as revealed by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) upstream regulators evaluation. Additionally, MYC was also amidst the most upregulated genes in DM-DCs, finding that was confirmed at a transcriptional as well as at a protein level. Blockade of transactivation of MYC target genes led to the downregulation of tolerance-related markers IDO1 and JAG1. MYC blockade also led to downregulation of PLZF and STAT3, transcription factors associated with immune regulation and inhibition of DC maturation, further supporting a role of MYC as an upstream regulator contributing to the regulatory phenotype of DM-DCs. On the other hand, we had previously shown that fatty acid oxidation, oxidative metabolism and zinc homeostasis are amongst the main biological functions represented in DM-DCs, and here we show that DM-DCs exhibit higher intracellular expression of ROS and Zinc compared to mature M-DCs and DCs. Taken together, these findings suggest that the regulatory profile of DM-DCs is partly shaped by the effect of the transcriptional regulation of tolerance-inducing genes by MYC and the modulation of oxidative metabolic processes and signaling mediators such as Zinc and ROS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1171
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume10
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DC transcription factors
  • Dexamethasone-modulated and MPLA-activated DC
  • ROS metabollism in DC
  • Tolerance mechanism
  • Tolerogenic dendritic cells (tDC)
  • Zinc metabollism in DC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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