Reduction of Au(III) by a β-cyclodextrin polymer in acid medium. A stated unattainable reaction

Rudy Martin-Trasanco, Roberto Cao, Hilda Esperanza Esparza-Ponce, Maria Elena Montero-Cabrera, Ramiro Arratia-Pérez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can be prepared from the reduction of Au(III) with cyclodextrins acting as both, reducing and capping agent. It has been stated that a basic medium (pH = 9–12) is a mandatory condition to achieve such reduction. We demonstrated, for the first time, the reduction of Au(III) by a crosslinked β-cyclodextrin-epichlorohydrin polymer (βCDP) in acid medium (pH ∼3). The coordination of Au(III) to the βCD in βCDP polymer required a βCD:[AuCl4] ratio of 4:1. The same ratio was necessary to achieve a 50% of the reduction of Au(III) to Au0 within the first 24 h of reaction. During this initial time, the reaction showed a concentration-dependent reduction rate while for longer times the reduction rate was diffusion-dependent. An overall mechanism to explain this dependency has been proposed. The 13C NMR spectrum identified the oxidation of the C[sbnd]OH groups to carboxylic ones by recording a signal at 175.6 ppm. Gold nanoparticles cores (AuNPs) with a diameter of 34.2 ± 7.7 nm, determined by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), was prepared by refluxing HAuCl4 in an aqueous solution of βCDP. The AuNPs core was capped by dimers of the βCDP polymer as determined by Dynamic Light Scattering measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)530-537
Number of pages8
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume175
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Cyclodextrin-epichlorohydrin
  • Gold(III) reduction
  • Nanoparticles
  • Polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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