Quantitative analysis of carbon isotopic ratios in carbon stars: III. 26 J-type carbon stars including 5 silicate carbon stars

K. Ohnaka, T. Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the result of a quantitative analysis of 12C/ 13C ratios in 26 J-type carbon stars. The 12C/ 13C ratios are determined from lines of the CN red system around 8000 Å, using the iso-intensity method and line-blanketed model atmospheres. The average of 12C/ 13C ratios in the 26 stars is 4.7 ± 2.8 (standard deviation). All the stars studied, except for two stars, have 12C/ 13C ratios smaller than 10. 12C/ 13C ratios as low as 1 ∼ 2, which are lower than the value at the equilibrium of the CN-cycle, are found for a significant fraction of our sample, suggesting the operation of non-equilibrium nuclear processes. For several stars previously analyzed by other authors, our result shows fair agreement. The serious disagreement of 12C/ 13C ratios, which we reported for N-type carbon stars in our preceding paper, is not found for J-type carbon stars. Five silicate carbon stars in our sample show no peculiar 12C/ 13C ratios among the stars studied in the present work. This result implies that the mechanism responsible for low 12C/ 13C ratios in silicate carbon stars might be the same with that operating in other J-type carbon stars. In other words, 12C/ 13C ratios in silicate carbon stars have turned out to give few clues to identify the mechanism responsible for their formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-243
Number of pages11
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume345
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Stars: abundances
  • Stars: AGB and post-AGB
  • Stars: carbon
  • Stars: fundamental parameters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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