Psychosocial, physical and anthropometric variables in chilean schoolchildren. A comparative study according to physical activity levels

Pedro Delgado-Floody, Constanza Palomino-Devia, Christianne Zulic-Agramunt, Felipe Caamaño-Navarrete, Iris Paola Guzman-Guzman, Alfonso Cofre-Lizama, Mauricio Cresp-Barría, Daniel Jerez-Mayorga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) has multiple benefits for physical and mental health in different types of populations; however, there are no comprehensive evaluations in school population. On the other hand, levels of physical inactivity have generated an increase in childhood obesity worldwide and cardiovascular risk factors, affecting the overall development of children and their quality of life, in addition to a large number of psychosocial components. The purpose of the research was to compare according to levels of PA, psychosocial, anthropometric and physical variables in Chilean schoolchildren. Method: 605 schoolchildren (272 women and 333 men) between 11 and 14 years of age participated. Self-esteem, body image, cardiorespiratory fitness, blood pressure and anthropometric parameters were evaluated. Results: The girls presented higher body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat (BF), in addition they presented higher risk score of dissatisfaction with the corporal image (p = 0.03), in the self-esteem there were no differences (p> 0.05). PA was higher in children (p <0.001), as were values in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (p <0.05). Children had a higher proportion of school children categorized with high PA (p <0.001). School children with lower levels of PA have higher anthropometric parameters (p <0.001), as well as a higher risk of body dissatisfaction (p = 0.009) and lower self-esteem (p <0.001) and cardiorespiratory fitness (p <0.001). Conclusion: Schoolchildren with lower PA levels presented negative results in psychosocial variables such as body image and self-esteem, as well as a lower cardiorespiratory fitness and high anthropometric parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-156
Number of pages6
JournalArchivos de Medicina del Deporte
Volume36
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Obesity. Physical activity. Schoolchildren. Cardiorespiratory capacity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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    Delgado-Floody, P., Palomino-Devia, C., Zulic-Agramunt, C., Caamaño-Navarrete, F., Guzman-Guzman, I. P., Cofre-Lizama, A., Cresp-Barría, M., & Jerez-Mayorga, D. (2019). Psychosocial, physical and anthropometric variables in chilean schoolchildren. A comparative study according to physical activity levels. Archivos de Medicina del Deporte, 36(3), 151-156.