Preseason multiple biomechanics testing and dimension reduction for injury risk surveillance in elite female soccer athletes: short-communication

Carlos De la Fuente, Rony Silvestre, Roberto Yañez, Matias Roby, Macarena Soldán, Wilson Ferrada, Felipe P. Carpes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Injury risk is regularly assessed during the preseason in susceptible populations like female soccer players. However, multiple outcomes (high-dimensional dataset) derived from multiple testing may make pattern recognition difficult. Thus, dimension reduction and clustering may be useful for improving injury surveillance when results of multiple assessment tools are available. Aim: To determine the influence of dimension reduction for pattern recognition followed by clustering on multiple biomechanical injury markers in elite female soccer players during preseason. Methdology: We introduced the use of dimension reduction through linear principal component analysis (PCA), non-linear kernel principal component analysis (k-PCA), t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (t-sne), and uniform manifold approximation and projection (umap) for injury markers via grid search. Muscle strength, muscle function, jump technique and power, balance, muscle stiffness, exercise tolerance, and running performance were assessed in an elite female soccer team (n = 21) prior to the competitive season. Results: As a result, umap facilitated the injury pattern recognition compared to PCA, k-PCA, and t-sne. One of the three patterns was related to a team subgroup with acceptable muscle conditions. In contrast, the other two patterns showed higher injury risk profiles. For our dataset, umap improved injury surveillance through multiple testing characteristics. Conclusion: Dimension reduction and clustering techniques present as useful strategies to analyze subgroups of female soccer players who have different risk profiles for injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalScience and Medicine in Football
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • biomechanics
  • football
  • machine learning
  • non-linear reduction
  • Sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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