Polysaccharides from the green seaweeds Codium fragile and C. vermilara with controversial effects on hemostasis

Marina Ciancia, Irene Quintana, María Isabel Vizcargüénaga, Luciana Kasulin, Agustina de Dios, José Manuel Estevez, Alberto Saúl Cerezo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Codium fragile and Codium vermilara biosynthesize water-soluble sulfated arabinans and galactans (and/or sulfated arabinogalactans), α(1 → 4)-d-glucans and β(1 → 4)-d-mannans. The former polysaccharides are composed by 3-linked β-d-galactopyranose and β-l-arabinopyranose residues, they are highly sulfated and substituted with pyruvic acid ketals. For both seaweeds, they have the same main structural units, but in different percentages. All the room-temperature water extracts from both seaweeds showed a dual haemostatic effect: they prevented coagulation, but they induced platelet aggregation. Anticoagulant activity and platelet aggregation were higher in the samples with polysaccharides richer in sulfate, mainly in those from C. vermilara, which have a higher degree of sulfation and arabinose content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-649
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anticoagulant activity
  • Platelet aggregation
  • Sulfated arabinogalactans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Energy(all)

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