Physicochemical assessment of Dextran-g-Poly (ε-caprolactone) micellar nanoaggregates as drug nanocarriers

César Saldías, Luis Velásquez, Caterina Quezada, Angel Leiva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Self-assembling polymers in aqueous solution have attracted significant attention with recent research efforts focused on the development of new strategies to design devices useful in the field of controlled drug delivery. In this context, amphiphilic copolymers having specific structural features and self-assembling behaviors in aqueous media that would enable controlled drug release over longer time periods. In this work, we report on the synthesis and characterization of a Poly (ε-caprolactone)-grafted Dextran copolymer and its use in the preparation of micellar nanoaggregates. The characterization and study of the morphology, topography, size distribution and stability of micellar nanoaggregates by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and Zeta Potential (ζ), respectively, were carried out. Spherical-shaped morphologies and an average size of approximately 83 nm, for drug-free nanoaggregates, were observed. In addition, Zeta Potential studies showed that drug-free nanoaggregates are more stable than drug-loaded structures measured in a phosphate buffer (pH 7.2) medium. UV-vis spectrophotometry of both the drug entrapment efficiency (EE%) and in vitro drug release behavior were assessed. The EE% was determined to be 78% (w/w), and a combination of diffusion and eroding polymer matrix mechanisms for drug release were established. Finally, these results indicate that Dx-g-PCL micellar nanoaggregates are suitable for use as a potential nanocarrier having both biodegradable and biocompatible properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-467
Number of pages10
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Dextran
  • Drug delivery
  • PCL
  • Polymeric nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Physicochemical assessment of Dextran-g-Poly (ε-caprolactone) micellar nanoaggregates as drug nanocarriers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this