Phenolysis and aminolysis of 4-nitrophenyl and 2,4-dinitrophenyl S-methyl thiocarbonates in aqueous ethanol

Enrique A. Castro, Margarita E. Aliaga, Marjorie Cepeda, José G. Santos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reactions of S-methyl O-(4-nitrophenyl) thiocarbonate (1) and S-methyl O-(2,4-dinitrophenyl) thiocarbonate (2) with a series of secondary alicyclic (SA) amines and phenols are subjected to a kinetic investigation. Under nucleophile excess, pseudo-first-order rate coefficients (kobs) are obtained. Plots of kobs against the free nucleophile concentration at constant pH are linear with slopes kN. The BrØnsted plots (log kN vs. nucleophile pKa) for the reactions are linear with slope (β) values in the 0.5-0.7 range, in accordance with concerted mechanisms. Comparison of the SA aminolysis of 1 with the same one carried out in water shows that the change of solvent from water to aqueous ethanol destabilizes the zwitterionic tetrahedral intermediate, changing the mechanism from stepwise to concerted. This destabilization is greater than that due to the change from SA amines to quinuclidines. For the phenolysis reactions, the kN values in aqueous ethanol are smaller than those for the same reactions in water. Considering that the nucleophile is an anion, this result is unexpected because the anion should be more stabilized in the more polar solvent. This result is explained by the facts that the phenoxide reactant has a negative charge that is delocalized in the aromatic ring and the transition state is highly polar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-358
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Chemical Kinetics
Volume43
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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