Petrography and geochemistry of the Carboniferous-Triassic Trinity Peninsula Group, West Antarctica: Implications for provenance and tectonic setting

Paula Castillo, Juan Pablo Lacassie, Carita Augustsson, Francisco Hervé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Carboniferous-Triassic Trinity Peninsula Group is a metasedimentary sequence that crops out widely in the northern Antarctic Peninsula. These are some of the most extensive outcrops in the area and hold the key to evaluating the connections of the Antarctic Peninsula in Gondwana; however, they are still poorly understood. Here we present our provenance study of the Trinity Peninsula Group using petrographic and geochemical approaches in combination with cathodoluminescence of detrital quartz in order to constrain its source characteristics and tectonic setting. Using differences in modal composition and quartz cathodoluminescence characteristics, we define three petrofacies derived from the progressive uplift and erosion of a volcano-plutonic continental arc, which exposed the plutonic-metamorphic roots. As indicated by major and trace elements, the source is felsic with a composition ranging from tonalitic to granodioritic. The relatively unweathered condition of the source area points to a dry and cold climate at the time of deposition, but this does not necessarily mean that it was glaciated. Deposition of the sediments occurred within an active continental margin, relatively close to the source area, probably along the south Patagonia-Antarctic Peninsula sector of Gondwana. Strong chronological, petrological and chemical similarities with the sediments of the Duque the York Complex in Patagonia suggest that they were derived from the same source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-588
Number of pages14
JournalGeological Magazine
Volume152
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Antarctic Peninsula
  • cathodoluminescence
  • detrital quartz
  • Gondwana
  • Palaeozoic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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