Perfil de efectividad y seguridad de preparaciones orales de cannabis para el tratamiento de epilepsias refractarias en la población infantojuvenil. Una revisión de alcance

Translated title of the contribution: Effectiveness and safety profile of oral cannabis preparations for the treatment of refractory epilepsies in infant-young population: A Scoping Review

Bernardo Burgos, Igor Cigarroa, David Toloza-Ramírez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Refractory epilepsies (RE) are a common neurological condition expressed in childhood and adulthood, highlighting the current use of cannabis as an alternative treatment. Oral Cannabis Preparations (OCP) have demonstrated effectiveness in the adult population; however, knowledge is limited in the infant-young population. Aim: To synthesize the available evidence on the efficacy and safety of OCP for the treatment of refractory epilepsies in the infant-young population. Methods: The present study followed the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews) guidelines and included studies from January 2013 until December 2020 from electronic databases, including SciELO, ScienceDirect, PubMed, and Web of Science. Results: 7 articles were included in this scoping review for critical analysis. The results indicate that pharmaceutical and artisanal origin OCP has 41.3% effectiveness in reducing seizures and low safety after administration (27.4%). Likewise, after administration, the most frequent adverse symptoms were somnolence/fatigue, weight loss/decreased appetite, and irritability/ aggressiveness. Conclusion: The low levels of effectiveness and safety of OCP suggest that they should be administered with caution and as a complementary treatment and not as the first choice for managi ng RE in the infant-young population.

Translated title of the contributionEffectiveness and safety profile of oral cannabis preparations for the treatment of refractory epilepsies in infant-young population: A Scoping Review
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)62-74
Number of pages13
JournalRevista Ecuatoriana de Neurologia
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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