On the progenitor of the type Ic SN 2013dk in the antennae galaxies

N. Elias-Rosa, A. Pastorello, J. R. Maund, K. Takats, M. Fraser, S. J. Smartt, S. Benetti, G. Pignata, D. Sand, S. Valenti

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10 Citations (Scopus)


We report the results of our search for the progenitor candidate of SN 2013dk, a Type Ic supernova (SN) that exploded in the Antennae galaxy system. We compare pre-explosion Hubble Space Telescope (HST) archival images with SN images obtained using adaptive optics at the ESO Very Large Telescope. We isolate the SN position to within 3σ uncertainty radius of 0.02 arcsec and show that there is no detectable point source in any of the HST filter images within the error circle.We set an upper limit to the absolutemagnitude of the progenitor to be MF555W -5.7, which does not allow Wolf-Rayet (WR) star progenitors to be ruled out. A bright source appears 0.17 arcsec away, which is either a single bright supergiant or compact cluster, given its absolute magnitude of MF555W = -9.02 ± 0.28 extended wings and complex environment. However, even if this is a cluster, the spatial displacement of SN 2013dk means that its membership is not assured. The strongest statement that we can make is that in the immediate environment of SN 2013dk (within 10 pc or so), we find no clear evidence of either a point source coincident with the SN or a young stellar cluster that could host a massive WR progenitor.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013


  • Binaries: general
  • Galaxies: individual: NGC 4038
  • Stars: evolution
  • Supernovae: general
  • Supernovae: individual: SN 2013dk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Elias-Rosa, N., Pastorello, A., Maund, J. R., Takats, K., Fraser, M., Smartt, S. J., Benetti, S., Pignata, G., Sand, D., & Valenti, S. (2013). On the progenitor of the type Ic SN 2013dk in the antennae galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 436(1). https://doi.org/10.1093/mnrasl/slt124