New salmonid hosts for Tenacibaculum species: Expansion of tenacibaculosis in Chilean aquaculture

Ruben Avendaño-Herrera, Constanza Collarte, Mónica Saldarriaga-Córdoba, Rute Irgang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The success and sustainability of Chilean aquaculture largely depends on the control of endemic and emerging pathogens, including several species of the genus Tenacibaculum. Tenacibaculum dicentrarchi and “Tenacibaculum finnmarkense” have been detected and confirmed in Chilean Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). However, no outbreaks of tenacibaculosis in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) or coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) have been reported, either in Chile or globally. The aims of this study were to determine whether the mortalities recorded for rainbow trout and coho salmon from five marine fish farms located in the Los Lagos, Aysén, and Magallanes Regions could be caused by Tenacibaculum spp. The diseased fish exhibited cutaneous haemorrhages, tail and peduncle rots, and damage on the mouth and tongue. Microbiological analysis of infected external tissues yielded 13 bacterial isolates. The isolates were identified as members of the genus Tenacibaculum through biochemical analysis (e.g. Gram-stain negative, straight rods, filamentous cells and motile by gliding), but differences existed in biochemical results, making species-level identification through biomolecular tools essential. The 16S rRNA analysis found that the majority of isolates were more closely related to “T. finnmarkense” than T. dicentrarchi, while the phylogenetic trees resulting from multilocus sequence data recovered the four main clades (clades I to IV) identified by Olsen et al. (2017, Veterinary Microbiology, 205, 39). This is the first documented occurrence of clinical tenacibaculosis in farmed rainbow trout and coho salmon globally, and it extends the known host distribution of this pathogen in Chile. Moreover, we confirm the presence of Tenacibaculum species in the Chilean Patagonia. These findings highlight the importance of establishing preventative measures to minimize the spread of this disease within the Chilean marine aquaculture industry, as well as the need for monitoring initiatives worldwide in these farmed fish species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1077-1085
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Fish Diseases
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Chile
  • coho salmon
  • rainbow trout
  • Tenacibaculum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • veterinary (miscalleneous)

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