Multilevel converters: An enabling technology for high-poer applications

Rodríguez José, Leopoldo G. Franquelo, Kouro Samir, José I. León, Ramón C. Portillo, Ma Ángeles Martín Prats, Marcelo A. Pérez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

780 Citations (Scopus)


Multilevel converters are considered today as the state-of-the-art power-conversion systems for high-power and power-quality demanding applications. This paper presents a tutorial on this technology, covering the operating principle and the different power circuit topologies, modulation methods, technical issues and industry applications. Special attention is given to established technology already found in industry with more in-depth and self-contained information, while recent advances and state-of-the-art contributions are addressed with useful references. This paper serves as an introduction to the subject for the not-familiarized reader, as well as an update or reference for academics and practicing engineers working in the field of industrial and power electronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1786-1817
Number of pages32
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2009


  • High-power applications; multilevel converters; power electronics; power quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    José, R., Franquelo, L. G., Samir, K., León, J. I., Portillo, R. C., Prats, M. Á. M., & Pérez, M. A. (2009). Multilevel converters: An enabling technology for high-poer applications. Proceedings of the IEEE, 97(11), 1786-1817.