MPC-Controlled Virtual Synchronous Generator to Enhance Frequency and Voltage Dynamic Performance in Islanded Microgrids

Bo Long, Yong Liao, Kil To Chong, José Rodríguez, Josep M. Guerrero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The use of high penetration converter-interfaced renewable energy (RE) based microgrids (MGs), due to the absence of rotational masses from conventional synchronous generators (SGs), may lead to a lack of inertia, which may lead the steeper frequency and voltage fluctuations that may in turn cause instability issues and challenges the normal operation of sensitive loads. To suppress these fluctuations and enhance the MGs stability, a novel model predictive control (MPC)-controlled virtual synchronous generator (VSG) for an energy storage system (ESS) is introduced. The proposed method can provide inertia support during transient states and enhance the dynamic characteristics of system voltage and frequency. By establishing the prediction model of VSG and designing the cost function for frequency and power, the increments of the needed active and reactive power are calculated then superposed on the power reference of VSG. The results show that the suppression performance of the voltage and frequency variations under loading transition with the proposed method is better than those of other techniques. Simulation and hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) results further demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9207764
Pages (from-to)953-964
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • energy storage system (ESS)
  • model predictive control (MPC)
  • Renewable energy (RE)
  • virtual synchronous generator (VSG)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)


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