Monitoring in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: From the Second Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference

Anoopindar Bhalla, Florent Baudin, Muneyuki Takeuchi, Pablo Cruces

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Monitoring is essential to assess changes in the lung condition, to identify heart-lung interactions, and to personalize and improve respiratory support and adjuvant therapies in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS). The objective of this article is to report the rationale of the revised recommendations/statements on monitoring from the Second Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference (PALICC-2). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Elsevier), and CINAHL Complete (EBSCOhost). STUDY SELECTION: We included studies focused on respiratory or cardiovascular monitoring of children less than 18 years old with a diagnosis of PARDS. We excluded studies focused on neonates. DATA EXTRACTION: Title/abstract review, full-text review, and data extraction using a standardized data collection form. DATA SYNTHESIS: The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach was used to identify and summarize evidence and develop recommendations. We identified 342 studies for full-text review. Seventeen good practice statements were generated related to respiratory and cardiovascular monitoring. Four research statements were generated related to respiratory mechanics and imaging monitoring, hemodynamics monitoring, and extubation readiness monitoring. CONCLUSIONS: PALICC-2 monitoring good practice and research statements were developed to improve the care of patients with PARDS and were based on new knowledge generated in recent years in patients with PARDS, specifically in topics of general monitoring, respiratory system mechanics, gas exchange, weaning considerations, lung imaging, and hemodynamic monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S112-S123
JournalPediatric Critical Care Medicine
Volume24
Issue number12 Suppl 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Acute Lung Injury/diagnosis
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lung
  • Monitoring, Physiologic/methods
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome/diagnosis
  • Respiratory Rate

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