Modelling of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with Sinusoidal Approach

Catalina González-Castaño, Yahya Aalaila, Carlos Restrepo, Javier Revelo-Fuelagán, Diego Hernán Peluffo-Ordóñez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper validates a sinusoidal approach for the proton-exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) model as a supplement to experimental studies. An FC simulation or hardware emulation is necessary for prototype design, testing, and fault diagnosis to reduce the overall cost. For this objective, a sinusoidal model that is capable of accurately estimating the voltage behavior from the operating current value of the DC was developed. The model was tested using experimental data from the Ballard Nexa 1.2 kW fuel cell (FC). This methodology offers a promising approach for static and current-voltage, characteristic of the three regions of operation. A study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed FC Sinusoidal model compared with the Diffusive Global model and the Evolution Strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1056
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • diffusive model
  • Evolution Strategy
  • Gaussian model
  • proton exchange membrane fuel cell
  • Sinusoidal model
  • voltage-current dynamic response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation


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