Model Predictive Control for Stabilization of DC Microgrids in Island Mode Operation

Duberney Murillo-Yarce, Sebastián Riffo, Carlos Restrepo, Catalina González-Castaño, Alejandro Garcés

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


DC microgrid (DCMG) is a promising technology for integrating distributed resources, such as solar generation and energy storage devices, that are intrinsically DC. Recently, model predictive control (MPC) is one of the control techniques that has been widely used in microgrid applications due to its advantages, such as transient response and flexibility to nonlinearity inclusion. MPC applications can be centralized, distributed, or decentralized based on the communication architecture. A major disadvantage of the centralized model predictive control (CMPC) is the high computational effort. This paper proposes a CMPC for DCMG stabilization that uses the admittance matrix of a reduced DCMG in the prediction equation and the one-step prediction horizon to decrease the computational effort. The proposed CMPC also replaces the hierarchical architecture primary and secondary controls, achieving voltage or power regulation. A hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) tool, known as RT-Box 2, has been used to emulate an 8-node DC microgrid with versatile buck–boost converters at the supply and power consumption nodes. The proposed predictive control exhibited better performance in comparison with the averaged voltage control in the HIL experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3384
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • centralized communication
  • DC microgrids
  • hierarchical control architecture
  • model predictive control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • General Mathematics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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