Mental health and media links based on five essential elements to promote psychosocial support for victims: the case of the earthquake in Chile in 2010

Soledad Puente, Humberto Marín, Pamela P. Álvarez, Pablo M. Flores, Daniela Grassau

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reviews the role of news with respect to the mental health of a population exposed to a disaster. It is based on the five essential elements of psychosocial care presented by Stevan E. Hobfoll et al. (2007) that can be introduced after a potentially traumatic event: promoting a sense of safety, calming, self and collective efficacy, connectedness, and hope. This study developed a method to relate these elements to television coverage and applied it to the stories (n=1,169) aired by the main networks in Chile in the 72 hours after an 8.8 magnitude earthquake struck on 27 February 2010. Of the five elements, promoting a sense of safety occurred most often (82.72 per cent), whereas the others were barely present (less than 10 per cent). The study argues that these elements can increase the possibility of framing the news, given that the audience watching can also be affected by a disaster.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-574
Number of pages20
JournalDisasters
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Chile
  • disaster response
  • earthquake
  • journalism
  • media
  • mental health
  • television
  • tsunami

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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