Lymphocyte adhesion to endothelium derived from human lymphoid tissue

Andrea Castro, María Rosa Bono, Valeska Simon, Mario Rosemblatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The development of an efficient immune response depends on the capacity of antigen-specific lymphocytes to migrate into secondary lymphoid organs. The first step in the process of lymphocyte extravasation involves lymphocyte binding to the vascular endothelium. Although several adhesion receptors have been implicated in the migration of lymphocytes to inflamed tissue, their role in the extravasation of these cells to normal lymphoid organs is not yet clearly established. The involvement of adhesion molecules in lymphocyte entrance to secondary lymphoid organs can be better assessed in an in vitro system using endothelial cells in culture. Here we report on the isolation and culture of a homogeneous population of adherent cells of endothelial origin derived from human tonsils (TEC) and on adhesion studies performed with these cells. Beginning from primary cultures of human tonsils, we isolated a population of cells that we show by FACScan® analysis to present the intracellular endothelial cell marker Von Willebrand factor and LVAP-2, a surface molecule present in venules from lymphoid organs. The cells are negative for FDC, IDC and macrophage markers. They express ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and CD40 both constitutively and in inducible forms and are induced by IFN-γ to express major histocompatibility complex class II antigens. As opposed to endothelial cells from human umbilical cord (HUVEC), they do not need to be activated by cytokines to bind lymphoid cells via VLA-4. The mAb HP2/1 directed to the integrin VLA-4 blocks adhesion of Ramos and Daudi cells to tumor necrosis factor α (TNP-α)-treated HUVEC and to untreated TEC but not of tonsil-derived MNC. On the other hand, an anti-VCAM-1 antibody that blocks adhesion of Ramos and Daudi cells to TNF-α-treated HUVEC, does not block adhesion of these cells to TEC, suggesting the presence on the tonsillar endothelial cells of a ligand for VLA-4 different from VCAM-1. We show here that this ligand is not fibronectin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-68
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cell Biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996


  • Endothelial cells
  • Integrins
  • Lymphocyte adhesion
  • Lymphoid organs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Cell Biology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Medicine(all)


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