Large Immersions in Graphs with Independence Number 3 and 4

S. Bustamante, D. A. Quiroz, M. Stein, J. Zamora

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The analogue of Hadwiger's conjecture for the immersion order, a conjecture independently posed by Lescure and Meyniel, and by Abu-Khzam and Langston, states that every graph G which does not contain the complete graph Kt+1 as an immersion satisfies χ(G) ≤ t. If true, this conjecture would imply that every graph with n vertices and independence number α contains K⌈n/3.5α-c⌉ as an immersion (and if α = 2, the two statements are known to be equivalent). The immersion conjecture has been tackled with more success than its graph minors counterpart: not only is a linear upper bound known for the chromatic number of Kt+1-immersion-free graphs, but the best bound currently known is very close to optimal. Namely, the currently best bound in this respect is due to Gauthier, Le and Wollan, who recently proved that every graph not containing Kt+1 as an immersion satisfies χ(G) ≤ 3.54t + 7. Their result implies that any graph with n vertices and independence number α contains K2⌈n/5⌉ as an immersion, where c < 1.98. Moreover, the same authors prove that every graph of independence number 2 contains K⌊n/α⌋ as an immersion. We show that any graph with n vertices and independence number 3 contains a clique immersion on at least ⌈2n/9⌉ vertices, and any graph with n vertices and independence number 4 contains a clique immersion on at least ⌈4n/27⌉ -1 vertices. Thus, comparing to the bound from above, in both cases we roughly double the size of the immersion obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalElectronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science
Volume346
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Event10th Latin and American Algorithms, Graphs and Optimization Symposium, LAGOS 2019 - Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Duration: 2 Jun 20197 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • chromatic number
  • Graph immersion
  • Hadwiger's conjecture
  • independence number

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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