Landslide Susceptibility Analysis Using 3D Modeling: A Case Study in San José de Maipo, Chile (33°38′S)

Diego Villalobos, Pierre Yves Descote, Cristóbal Ramírez, Mauricio Calderon, Luis F. Robledo, Gustavo Gatica, Javiera Fuenzalida, Sergio Carvajal, Xaviera Palma, David Ruete, Wen Nie, Wenbin Jian

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Massive landslides are rock and soil movement processes that have social, economic, and environmental impacts. Their study contributes to the balance of human settlements with the ecosystem and dynamics to mitigate and prevent risk. The intervention zone’s geomorphology, geology, precipitation, and geometry must be quantitatively considered to establish a susceptibility model. A methodology is proposed to analyze the susceptibility of mass removal with a 3D model built from aerial photogrammetry. The first step considers planning and executing a photogrammetric flight. Then, the photographic and topographic data are processed to generate a 3D model. At the same time, a map overlay is made from ortho mosaics, Digital Elevation Models, and layers. Finally, a model of transverse slope profiles is generated to determine the safety factor in San José de Maipo, Chile (33°38′S). The site presents traces and evidence of a landslide. Surface measurements of constructions, vegetation, and tension cracks were obtained. The main structural trends and depth of contact between bedrock and surface deposits detected are described. The generated models contribute to the susceptibility analysis by characterizing the landslide morphologies. Currently, it is possible to characterize undetectable removals only with Landsat imagery. The methodology is scalable to other geographic zones with geological evidence of rockslides, thus reducing uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent Research on Environmental Earth Sciences, Geomorphology, Soil Science, Paleoclimate, and Karst - Proceedings of the 1st MedGU, Istanbul 2021 Volume 4
EditorsAttila Çiner, Md Firoz Khan, Amjad Kallel, Jesús Rodrigo-Comino, Mario Parise, Rahim Barzegar, Zeynal Abiddin Ergüler, Nabil Khelifi, Imran Ali
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9783031429163
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event1st International conference on Mediterranean Geosciences Union, MedGU 2021 - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 25 Nov 202128 Nov 2021

Publication series

NameAdvances in Science, Technology and Innovation
ISSN (Print)2522-8714
ISSN (Electronic)2522-8722


Conference1st International conference on Mediterranean Geosciences Union, MedGU 2021


  • Geological hazard
  • Geological modeling
  • Landslide
  • Photogrammetry
  • Risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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