Kiloparsec-scale gaseous clumps and star formation at z = 5-7

S. Carniani, R. Maiolino, R. Amorin, L. Pentericci, A. Pallottini, A. Ferrara, C. J. Willott, R. Smit, J. Matthee, D. Sobral, P. Santini, M. Castellano, S. De Barros, A. Fontana, A. Grazian, L. Guaita

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105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the morphology of the [CII] emission in a sample of 'normal' star-forming galaxies at 5 < z < 7.2 in relation to their UV (rest-frame) counterpart. We use new Atacama LargeMillimetre/submillimetre Array (ALMA) observations of galaxies at z ~ 6-7, as well as a careful re-analysis of archivalALMAdata. In total 29 galaxies were analysed, 21 of which are detected in [CII]. For several of the latter the [CII] emission breaks into multiple components. Only a fraction of these [CII] components, if any, is associated with the primary UV systems, while the bulk of the [CII] emission is associated either with fainter UV components, or not associated with any UV counterpart at the current limits. By taking into account the presence of all these components, we find that the L[CII]-SFR (star formation rate) relation at early epochs is fully consistent with the local relation, but it has a dispersion of 0.48 ± 0.07 dex, which is about two times larger than observed locally.We also find that the deviation from the local L[CII]-SFR relation has a weak anticorrelation with the EW(Lyα). The morphological analysis also reveals that [CII] emission is generally much more extended than theUVemission. As a consequence, these primordial galaxies are characterized by a [CII] surface brightness generally much lower than expected from the local Σ[CII]-ΣSFR relation. These properties are likely a consequence of a combination of different effects, namely gas metallicity, [CII] emission from obscured star-forming regions, strong variations of the ionization parameter, and circumgalactic gas in accretion or ejected by these primeval galaxies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1170-1184
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume478
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formatioN
  • Galaxies: high-redshift
  • Galaxies: ISM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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