Iron homeostasis strategies in acidophilic iron oxidizers: Studies in Acidithiobacillus and Leptospirillum

Hector Osorio, Verónica Martínez, Felipe A. Veloso, Inti Pedroso, Jorge Valdés, Eugenia Jedlicki, David S. Holmes, Raquel Quatrini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An understanding of the physiology and metabolic complexity of microbial consortia involved in metal solubilization is a prerequisite for the rational improvement of bioleaching technologies. Among the most challenging aspects that remain to be addressed is how aerobic acidophiles, especially Fe(II)-oxidizers, contend with the paradoxical hazards of iron overload and iron deficiency, each with deleterious consequences for growth. Homeostatic mechanisms regulating the acquisition, utilization/oxidation, storage and intracellular mobilization of cellular iron are deemed to be critical for fitness and survival of bioleaching microbes. In an attempt to contribute to the comprehensive understanding of the biology and ecology of the microbial communities in bioleaching econiches, we have used comparative genomics and other bioinformatic tools to reconstruct the iron management strategies in newly sequenced Acidithiobacilli and other biomining genomes available in public databases. Species specific genes have been identified with distinctive functional roles in iron management as well as genes shared by several species in biomining consortia. Their analysis contributes to our understanding of the general survival strategies in acidic and iron loaded environments and suggests functions for genes with currently unknown roles that might reveal novel aspects of iron response in acidophiles. Comprehensive examination of the occurrence and conservation of regulatory functions and regulatory sites also allowed the prediction of the metal regulatory networks for these biomining microbes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-179
Number of pages5
JournalHydrometallurgy
Volume94
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2008

Keywords

  • Acidithiobacilli
  • Comparative genomics
  • Fe(II)-oxidizers
  • Iron management strategies
  • Leptospirilli

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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    Osorio, H., Martínez, V., Veloso, F. A., Pedroso, I., Valdés, J., Jedlicki, E., Holmes, D. S., & Quatrini, R. (2008). Iron homeostasis strategies in acidophilic iron oxidizers: Studies in Acidithiobacillus and Leptospirillum. Hydrometallurgy, 94(1-4), 175-179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2008.05.038