Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae sequence type 258 (CRKP-ST258) can cause chronic infections in lungs and airways, with repeated episodes of bacteremia. In this report we addressed whether the recruitment of myeloid cells producing the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) modulates the clearance of CKRP-ST258 in the lungs and establishes bacterial persistence. Our data demonstrate that during pneumonia caused by a clinical isolate of CRKP-ST258 (KP35) there is an early recruitment of monocyte-myeloid-derived suppressor cells (M-MDSCs) and neutrophils that actively produce IL-10. However, M-MDSCs were the cells that sustained the production of IL-10 over the time of infection evaluated. Using mice unable to produce IL-10 (IL-10/), we observed that the production of this cytokine during the infection caused by KP35 is important to control bacterial burden, to prevent lung damage, to modulate cytokine production, and to improve host survival. Importantly, intranasal transfer of bone marrow-derived M-MDSCs from mice able to produce IL-10 at 1 day prior to infection improved the ability of IL-10/ mice to clear KP35 in the lungs, decreasing their mortality. Altogether, our data demonstrate that IL-10 produced by M-MDSCs is required for bacterial clearance, reduction of lung tissue damage, and host survival during KP35 pneumonia.
- Klebsiella pneumoniae ST258
- Monocytic-myeloid-derived suppressor cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases