Insatisfacción con la imagen corporal y su relación con el estado nutricional, riesgo cardiometabólico y capacidad cardiorrespiratoria en niños pertenecientes a centros educativos públicos

Translated title of the contribution: Dissatisfaction with body image and its relation to nutritional status, cardiometabolic risk and cardiorespiratory capacity in public school children

Pedro Delgado Floody, Cristian Martínez Salazar, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Aldo Osorio Poblete, Felipe García Pinillos, Pedro Latorre Román

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The increase in abdominal fat and excess weight are related to dissatisfaction with body image, which nowadays is highly prevalent nationally and internationally. Aim: The purpose of the study was to relate dissatisfaction levels to body image, nutritional status, cardiometabolic risk and cardiorespiratory capacity in pre-adolescent students. Material and methods: Three hundred and thirty-nine students participated in the study, 165 girls (11.29 ± 0.69 years) and 174 boys (11.22 ± 0.72 years). Anthropometric data were collected: BMI, percentage of body fat (%BF), waist circumference (WC), height-to-weight ratio (HWR), VO2max and body image. Results: In the comparison by sex, we found higher VO2max values in boys (p < 0.001). No significant differences were found for the variables BMI, WC, HWR, blood pressure and body image (p > 0.05); 27.7% of the study sample were overweight and 29.2% were obese. The subjects with obesity had the lowest VO2max levels. Dissatisfaction with body image was found to be associated with nutritional status (p < 0.001). In addition, 8.1% of the obese students presented extreme dissatisfaction with their body image and 19.4% of the children with cardiometabolic risk exhibited some type of dissatisfaction; the two variables were related (p = 0.008). Conclusions: The study provides evidence that children with malnutrition by excess present disorders associated with body dissatisfaction and other health indicators that limit integral growth in pre-adolescence.

Translated title of the contributionDissatisfaction with body image and its relation to nutritional status, cardiometabolic risk and cardiorespiratory capacity in public school children
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)1044-1049
Number of pages6
JournalNutricion Hospitalaria
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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