This study was conducted in order to determine the effect of an occlusal splint on craniocervical relationships, in subjects with muscle spasms in the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles. A full-arch maxillary stabilization occlusal splint was made for each of the 15 subjects. Two lateral craniocervical radiographs were taken for each subject, with and without an occlusal splint. Cephalometric analysis showed that the splint caused a significant extension of the head on the cervical spine. There was also a significant decrease in the cervical spine lordosis in the first, second and third cervical segment. These cervical changes could be a compensation mechanism caused by the extension of the cranium on the upper cervical spine. The change in the curvature implies that it is necessary to periodically evaluate the changes occurring in the craniocervical relationships after the occlusal splint has been inserted.
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