In vitro phenotypic evidence for the utilization of iron from different sources and siderophores production in the fish pathogen Tenacibaculum dicentrarchi

Ruben Avendaño-Herrera, Mónica Saldarriaga-Córdoba, Macarena Echeverría-Bugueño, Rute Irgang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Iron uptake during infection is an essential pathogenicity factor of several bacteria, including Tenacibaculum dicentrarchi, an emerging pathogen for salmonid and red conger eel (Genypterus chilensis) farms in Chile. Iron-related protein families were recently found in eight T. dicentrarchi genomes, but biological studies have not yet confirmed functions. The investigation reported herein clearly demonstrated for the first time that T. dicentrarchi possesses different systems for iron acquisition—one involving the synthesis of siderophores and another allowing for the utilization of heme groups. Using 38 isolates of T. dicentrarchi and the type strain CECT 7612T, all strains grew in the presence of the chelating agent 2.2′-dipyridyl (from 50 to 150 μM) and produced siderophores on chrome azurol S plates. Furthermore, 37 of the 38 T. dicentrarchi isolates used at least four of the five iron sources (i.e. ammonium iron citrate, ferrous sulfate, iron chloride hexahydrate, haemoglobin and/or hemin) when added to iron-deficient media, although the cell yield was less when using hemin. Twelve isolates grew in the presence of hemin, and 10 of them used only 100 μM. Under iron-supplemented or iron-restricted conditions, whole cells of three isolates and the type strain showed at least one membrane protein induced in iron-limiting conditions (c.a. 37.9 kDa), regardless of the isolation host. All phenotypic results were confirmed by in-silico genomic T. dicentrarchi analysis. Future studies will aim to establish a relationship between iron uptake ability and virulence in T. dicentrarchi through in vivo assays.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1012
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Fish Diseases
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • iron sources
  • siderophores
  • Tenacibaculum dicentrarchi
  • virulence mechanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • veterinary (miscalleneous)

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