Implementación de un Examen clínico objetivo estructurado (ECOE) como herramienta para evaluar el desarrollo del razonamiento clínico en estudiantes de fisioterapia

Translated title of the contribution: Implementation of an Objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) as a tool to evaluate the development of clinical reasoning in physical therapy students

Nicole Figueroa-Arce, Paola Figueroa-González, Luis Gómez-Miranda, Ruvistay Gutiérrez-Arias, Viviana Contreras-Pizarro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Clinical reasoning involves critical thinking and decision-making in clinical situations. It can be evaluated using Objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), which measures clinical skills associated with the development of clinical reasoning. Objective: To describe the implementation of an OSCE to evaluate the clinical skills associated with the development of clinical reasoning in physical therapy students, and to determine their level of satisfaction with this methodology. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in 159 physical therapy students from Universidad Andres Bello, Chile, enrolled in the Reasoning in Physical therapy course (second semester of 2018). The OSCE had 11 stations and a student satisfaction survey was administered. Data normality was determined using the Shapiro-Wilk test. Descriptive statistics (percentages, medians, and interquartile ranges (IQR)) were used for data analysis. Results: The median global score was 142 points (IQR: 132-150) and 61.1% of the students obtained a passing score (≥ 134 points). Stations in which most students had a passing score were S3, S5 and S7 (standardized patient stations): 78.62%, 96.85% and 85.53%, respectively. Regarding the satisfaction survey, 36.48% and 59.12% of the students agreed and strongly agreed with using tools that assess their clinical skills. Conclusions: The OSCE was successfully designed and implemented to evaluate the clinical skills associated with the development of clinical reasoning in physical therapy students, and most of them reported a high level of satisfaction with its use; this confirms OSCE is an excellent methodology to train and evaluate these students.

Translated title of the contributionImplementation of an Objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) as a tool to evaluate the development of clinical reasoning in physical therapy students
Original languageSpanish
Article numbere90746
JournalRevista Facultad de Medicina
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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