Identification of the Transcriptional Regulatory Role of RUNX2 by Network Analysis in Lung Cancer Cells

Beatriz Andrea Otálora-Otálora, Cristian González Prieto, Lucia Guerrero, Camila Bernal-Forigua, Martin Montecino, Alejandra Cañas, Liliana López-Kleine, Adriana Rojas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The use of a new bioinformatics pipeline allowed the identification of deregulated transcription factors (TFs) coexpressed in lung cancer that could become biomarkers of tumor establishment and progression. A gene regulatory network (GRN) of lung cancer was created with the normalized gene expression levels of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from the microarray dataset GSE19804. Moreover, coregulatory and transcriptional regulatory network (TRN) analyses were performed for the main regulators identified in the GRN analysis. The gene targets and binding motifs of all potentially implicated regulators were identified in the TRN and with multiple alignments of the TFs’ target gene sequences. Six transcription factors (E2F3, FHL2, ETS1, KAT6B, TWIST1, and RUNX2) were identified in the GRN as essential regulators of gene expression in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and related to the lung tumoral process. Our findings indicate that RUNX2 could be an important regulator of the lung cancer GRN through the formation of coregulatory complexes with other TFs related to the establishment and progression of lung cancer. Therefore, RUNX2 could become an essential biomarker for developing diagnostic tools and specific treatments against tumoral diseases in the lung after the experimental validation of its regulatory function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3122
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • coexpression networks
  • diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers
  • differentially expressed genes (DEGs)
  • gene regulatory network (GRN)
  • lung cancer (LC)
  • transcription factors (TFs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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