Identification and characterization of outer membrane vesicles from the fish pathogen Vibrio ordalii

Macarena Echeverría-Bugueño, Rodrigo Espinosa-Lemunao, Rute Irgang, Ruben Avendaño-Herrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Vibriosis outbreaks due to Vibrio ordalii occur globally, but Chilean salmon aquaculture, in particular, has suffered significant monetary losses in the last 15 years. Little is known about the virulence mechanisms employed by V. ordalii. However, most Vibrio pathogens (e.g., Vibrio anguillarum, a very close taxonomic species) present outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) that are released extracellularly and implicated in the delivery of virulence factors to host cells. This study provides the first reported evidence of the fish pathogen V. ordalii producing and releasing OMVs under normal growth conditions. Analyses were conducted with the V. ordalii strain Vo-LM-18 and the type strain ATCC 33509T. For comparative purposes, the reference strain V. anguillarum ATCC 43307 was employed. The average size for the three Vibrio strains was 0.215 ± 0.6 µm (via scanning electron microscopy) or between 0.19 and 1.8 µm (via dynamic light scattering), with each bacterium presenting a wide range. SDS-PAGE revealed similarities in OMV patterns, but neither total nor external proteins were identical. Comparing V. ordalii ATCC 33509T and Vo-LM-18, bands were most evident in the total proteins, and the greatest degree of similarity in OMV profiles was between 37 and 50 kDa. The purified OMVs demonstrated haemolytic enzyme activity, which could play a role during V. ordalii infection. These data represent an initial step towards gaining new insights into this virulence factor, of which a lot is known in other pathogenic microorganisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)621-629
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Fish Diseases
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020


  • outer membrane vesicles
  • Vibrio ordalii
  • vibriosis
  • virulence factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • veterinary (miscalleneous)


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