High-speed resistance training in older women: The role of supervision

Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Cristian Martínez, Carlos I. De La Fuente, Eduardo L. Cadore, Mário C. Marques, Fabio Y. Nakamura, Irineu Loturco, Alexis Caniuqueo, Rodrigo Cañas, Mikel Izquierdo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Older women participated in a 12-week high-speed resistance training program under two supervisor-to-subject ratio methods (i.e., high versus low supervision) to assess its effects on muscle strength, power, functional performance, and quality of life assessed before (T1) and after (T2) intervention. Women were divided into either the control group (CG, n = 15), high supervision group (HSG, n = 30), or low supervision group (LSG, n = 28). The training program included exercises requiring high-speed concentric muscle actions. No differences were observed among groups at T1. Between T1 and T2, the HSG showed a higher (p < .05) improvement in muscle strength (ES = 0.36-1.26), power (ES = 0.5-0.88), functional performance (ES = 0.52-0.78), and quality of life (ES = 0.44-0.82) compared with LSG and CG. High-speed resistance training under closer supervision is more effective for improving muscle strength, power, functional performance, and quality of life in older women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Aging
  • Power output
  • Resistance training
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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