Heterogeneous palladium SALOPHEN onto porous polymeric microspheres as catalysts for heck reaction

Claudio Mella, Cecilia C. Torres, Cyril Godard, Carmen Claver, Gina Pecchi, Cristian H. Campos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Catalysts based on porous polymeric microspheres were prepared from N,N′-Bis(3,3′-allyl-salicylidene)-o-phenylenediamine Pd(II) (PdAS) metallo-monomer, styrene (STY), and divinylbenzene (DVB) as co-monomers. The effects of the STY/PdAS mass ratio of co-monomers were investigated to synthesize the optimal catalyst. All the prepared materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), solid-state diffuse-reflectance UV Vis (DRS UV-Vis) spectrometry, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Increasing the PdAS content from 1 to 5 wt%, based on the mass feed of monomers, produced well-defined spherical polymer resins with particle diameters of ~200 μm and high surface areas (>500 m2/g). XPS spectra shown a unique Pd2+ signal associated with the PdAS complex immobilized on a porous resin matrix. The catalytic performances of porous polymer microspheres were evaluated for Heck reaction between iodobenzene and methyl acrylate to produce methyl cinnamate, giving up to 100 % selectivity for the trans-isomer. The resin with 5 wt% PdAS showed the best catalytic activity in methyl cinnamate synthesis. Finally, the best catalytic system was evaluated in octinoxate production producing the target product with the same levels of conversion and selectivity for trans-isomer as was detected for methyl cinnamate synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPure and Applied Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • cross-coupling reactions
  • Eurasia 2018
  • immobilization
  • microsphere resins
  • palladium catalysis
  • porous polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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