Mainly due to their great antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer capacities, natural polyphenolic compounds have many properties with important applications in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Unfortunately, these molecules have very low water solubility and bioavailability. Glucosylation of polyphenols is an excellent alternative to overcome these drawbacks. Specifically, for the natural polyphenol resveratrol this process is very inefficiently performed by the native enzyme sucrose phosphorylase (BaSP) from the organism Bifidobacterium adolescentis (4%). However, the Q345F point mutation of the sucrose phosphorylase (BaSP Q345F) has been shown to achieve 97% monoglucosylation for the same substrate and the mechanism is still unknown. This report presents an analysis of MD simulations performed with the BaSP Q345F and BaSP systems in complex with resveratrol monoglucoside, followed by a study of the transglucosylation reaction of the mutant enzyme BaSP Q345F with resveratrol through the QM/MM hybrid method. With respect to the MD simulations, both protein structures showed greater similarity to the phosphate-binding conformation, and a larger active site and conformational changes in certain structures were found for the mutant system compared with the native enzyme; all this is in agreement with experimental data. With regard to the QM/MM calculations, the structure of an oxocarbenium ion-like transition state and the minimum energy adiabatic path (MEP) that connects the reactants with the products were obtained with a 20.3 kcal mol−1 energy barrier, which fits within the known experimental range for this type of enzyme. Finally, the analyses performed along the MEP suggest a concerted but asynchronous mechanism. In particular, they show that the interactions involving the residues of the catalytic triad (Asp192, Glu232, and Asp290) together with two water molecules at the active site strongly contribute to the stabilization of the transition state. The understanding of this glucosylation mechanism of the polyphenol resveratrol carried out by the mutant sucrose phosphorylase enzyme presented in this work could serve as the basis for subsequent studies on related carbohydrate-active enzymes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry