Fertilized and unfertilized ova are transported at different rates by the hamster oviduct.

M. E. Ortiz, P. Bedregal, M. I. Carvajal, H. B. Croxatto

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47 Citations (Scopus)


To determine if the egg provides any clues for the regulation of ovum transport in the hamster, oocyte and embryo transport were compared. On the evening preceding ovulation, the animals were randomly assigned to one of five groups. They were caged overnight with a male of proven fertility (Group 1) or they were isolated (Group 2). Other females were artificially inseminated in both uterine horns at 2200 h either with fertile epididymal spermatozoa (Group 3), spermatozoa rendered infertile by freezing and thawing (Group 4), or with fertile spermatozoa in one uterine horn and infertile spermatozoa in the contralateral horn (Group 5). The number, condition, and distribution of ova in the genital tract were assessed at various intervals during the next 4 days. The rate of fertilization and normal development in females or sides inseminated with fertile or infertile spermatozoa was over 90% and 0% respectively. Embryos in Groups 1 and 3 reached the uterus 1 day earlier than unfertilized oocytes in Groups 2 and 4. In group 5, the transport of embryos resulting from insemination with fertile spermatozoa followed a pattern similar to those in Groups 1 and 3; the oocytes in the contralateral tract resembled those of Groups 2 and 4. The different transport rates of embryos and oocytes were not associated with the reproductive state of the female but with the condition of the ova. Moreover, the different transport rates were observed in animals transporting the two types of eggs simultaneously on different sides indicating that there is a local recognition of some unidentified factor unequally present in fertilized and unfertilized eggs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-781
Number of pages5
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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