Factors associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation in children with pulmonary failure: Cohort study from the LARed Network registry

en representación de LARed Network

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To identify factors associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation (pMV) in pediatric patients in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). Design: Secondary analysis of a prospective cohort. Setting: PICUs in centers that are part of the LARed Network between April 2017 and January 2022. Participants: Pediatric patients on mechanical ventilation (IMV) due to respiratory causes. We defined IMV time greater than the 75th percentile of the global cohort. Interventions: None. Main variables of interest: Demographic data, diagnoses, severity scores, therapies, complications, length of stay, morbidity, and mortality. Results: One thousand 6 hundred and ninety 8 children with MV of 8 ± 7 days were included, and pIMV was defined as 9 days. Factors related to admission were age under 6 months (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.17–2.22), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (OR 3.71, 95% CI 1.87–7.36), and fungal infections (OR 6.66, 95% CI 1.87–23.74), while patients with asthma had a lower risk of pIMV (OR 0.30, 95% CI 0.12–0.78). Regarding evolution and length of stay in the PICU, it was related to ventilation-associated pneumonia (OR 4.27, 95% CI 1.79–10.20), need for tracheostomy (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.89–4.48), transfusions (OR 2.94, 95% CI 2.18–3.96), neuromuscular blockade (OR 2.08, 95% CI 1.48–2.93), high-frequency ventilation (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.89–4.48), and longer PICU stay (OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.10–1.16). In addition, mean airway pressure greater than 13 cmH2O was associated with pIMV (OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.12–2.21). Conclusions: Factors related to IMV duration greater than 9 days in pediatric patients in PICUs were identified in terms of admission, evolution, and length of stay.

Translated title of the contributionFactores asociados a ventilación mecánica prolongada en niños con fallo respiratorio de causa pulmonar: Estudio de cohortes del registro de LARed Network
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-36
Number of pages14
JournalMedicina Intensiva
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


  • Intensive Care Units Pediatric
  • Respiration artificial
  • Respiratory insufficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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