Expression of a novel non-coding mitochondrial RNA in human proliferating cells

Jaime Villegas, Veronica Burzio, Claudio Villota, Eduardo Landerer, Ronny Martinez, Marcela Santander, Rodrigo Martinez, Rodrigo Pinto, María I. Vera, Enrique Boccardo, Luisa L. Villa, Luis O. Burzio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Previously, we reported the presence in mouse cells of a mitochondrial RNA which contains an inverted repeat (IR) of 121 nucleotides (nt) covalently linked to the 5′ end of the mitochondrial 16S RNA (16S mtrRNA). Here, we report the structure of an equivalent transcript of 2374 nt which is over-expressed in human proliferating cells but not in resting cells. The transcript contains a hairpin structure comprising an IR of 815 nt linked to the 5′ end of the 16S mtrRNA and forming a long double-stranded structure or stem and a loop of 40 nt. The stem is resistant to RNase A and can be detected and isolated after digestion with the enzyme. This novel transcript is a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) and several evidences suggest that the transcript is synthesized in mitochondria. The expression of this transcript can be induced in resting lymphocytes stimulated with phytohaemagglutinin (PHA). Moreover, aphidicolin treatment of DU145 cells reversibly blocks proliferation and expression of the transcript. If the drug is removed, the cells re-assume proliferation and over-express the ncmtRNA. These results suggest that the expression of the ncmtRNA correlates with the replicative state of the cell and it may play a role in cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7336-7347
Number of pages12
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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