Exchange interactions through π-π Stacking in the lamellar compound [{Cu(bipy)(en)}{Cu(bipy)(H2O)}{VO3}4] n

Diego Venegas-Yazigi, Kareen A. Brown, Andrés Vega, Rafael Calvo, Carolina Aliaga, Ricardo C. Santana, Raul Cardoso-Gil, Rüdiger Kniep, Walter Schnelle, Evgenia Spodine

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Structural, magnetic, and powder and single-crystal electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) studies were performed on [{Cu(bipy)(en)}{Cu(bipy)(H 2O)}{VO3}4]n (bipy = 2,2′-bipyridine, en = ethylenediamine), which is a new copper-vanadium hybrid organic-inorganic compound containing CuII and VV centers. The oxovanadium units provide an anionic scaffolding to the structure, where two types of CuII coordination modes, octahedral (Cu1) and square pyramidal (Cu2), contribute to the magnetic properties. The crystal structure contains layers including Cu1 and Cu2 ions, separated by stacked arrangements of 2,2′-bipyridine molecules. Each type of CuII ion in these layers forms parallel spin chains described by exchange coupling parameters J1 and J2 for Cu1 and Cu2, respectively (exchange couplings defined as Hex(i,j) = -JijSiS j), which, for necessity, are assumed to be equal to J. These chains are coupled by much weaker Cu1-Cu2 exchange interactions J3 connecting neighbor Cu1 and Cu2 ions within a layer, through paths acting as rungs of a ladder chain structure. The average coupling J, which is antiferromagnetic (J < 0), according to the susceptibility data, is estimated with similar results with a mean field approximation (J = -1.4 cm -1), and with a uniform chain model (J = -1.7 cm-1). The EPR spectra of powdered samples and oriented single crystals are shown to be independent of J1 and J2, but are dependent on the weak coupling J3, and the data allow a lower limit to be established: |J3| > 0.04 cm-1. The spectra are also strongly sensitive to extremely weak coupling interactions with average magnitude J 4 between copper atoms in neighboring layers, separated by ∼10 Å, using the stacked 2,2′-bipyridine molecules, which produce a 2D-to-3D quantum phase transition. This is observed in single-crystal samples when the energy levels are changed with the orientation of the magnetic field. From the characteristics of these transitions, we estimate a value of |J 4| = 0.0034 ± 0.0004 cm-1 between CuII ions in neighboring layers. This work emphasizes the important possibilities of EPR to evaluate extremely small exchange couplings between metal ions in a solid material, even in the presence of other much larger couplings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11461-11471
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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