The application of morphine or surrogates to the isolated rat vas deferens maintained at 37° C in Tyrode solution, produced an increase in the electrically induced muscular twitch. In contrast, leucine enkephalin or D-alanine2methionine enkephalinamide produced a dose-dependent inhibition of the muscular twitch. The effect of morphine and derivatives was not antagonized by naloxone, but the depression caused by the opiate pentapeptides or β-Endorphin was readily antagonized and reversed by naloxone. Tolerance developed to the in vitro effect of morphine; vasa deferentia obtained from tolerant-dependent rats were about six times less sensitive to the effect of morphine and about five times less sensitive to the depression caused by leucine enkephalin as compared to their respective paired, placebo implanted control rats.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)