Evaluation of the effects on the cerebellar cortex of CF-1 mice exposed to a single dose of cypermethrin

F. Germán Venegas, Cristian Donoso, Camilo Arriaza, Omar Espinoza-Navarro, María Eugenia Castro, Cristian Torres, Felipe Lillo, Rodríguez B. Héctor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cypermethrin is a Type II pyrethroid widely used for pests control in agriculture. The principal effect of this insecticide is to alter voltage-dependent sodium channels in the nervous system, but it also affects GABA levels in the CNS of mammals. The cerebellar circuit has as its principal neurotransmitter GABA for transportation of CI-, allowing its inhibitory and modulatory function. In this work, the effects of cypermethrin on the cerebellar cortex are studied. Thirty three adult CF-1 male mice were distributed in three groups: 1) untreated, 2) vehicle (oil) and 3) experimental (cypermethrin in oil at 1/5 DL50). The animals were euthanized at days 1, 8, 17, 25 and 34; then processed for histology (haematoxylin-eosine) and im munohis-tochemistry (Apaf-1 and Ki-67). The Purkinje cells and the im-munoreactive Purkinje and Granular cells were quantified. The results showed a significant decrease in Purkinje cells numbers at all the times studied; also, there was an increase in the expression of Apaf-1 and Ki-67 in the Purkinje and Granular cells in acute and chronic stages. This shows that cypermethrin at 1/5 DL50 produces damage to the cerebellar cortex and induces apoptosis in the Purkinje and Granular cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)816-820
Number of pages5
JournalInterciencia
Volume39
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cell proliferation
  • Cerebellar cortex
  • Cerebellum
  • Cypermethriu
  • Granular cell
  • Mouse
  • Purkinje cells
  • Toxicology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Germán Venegas, F., Donoso, C., Arriaza, C., Espinoza-Navarro, O., Castro, M. E., Torres, C., Lillo, F., & Héctor, R. B. (2014). Evaluation of the effects on the cerebellar cortex of CF-1 mice exposed to a single dose of cypermethrin. Interciencia, 39(11), 816-820.