Evaluation by site-directed mutagenesis of active site amino acid residues of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase

Ana María Jabalquinto, Maris Laivenieks, Fernando D. González-Nilo, Alejandro Yévenes, María Victoria Encinas, J. Gregory Zeikus, Emilio Cardemil

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxykinase catalyzes the reversible formation of oxaloacetate and adenosine triphosphate from PEP, adenosine diphosphate, and carbon dioxide, and uses Mn2+ as the activating metal ion. The enzyme is a monomer and presents 68% identity with Escherichia coli PEP carboxykinase. Comparison with the crystalline structure of homologous E. coli PEP carboxykinase [Tari, L. W., Matte, A., Goldie, H., and Delbaere, L. T. J. (1997). Nature Struct. Biol. 4, 990-994] suggests that His225, Asp262, Asp263, and Thr249 are located in the active site of the protein, interacting with manganese ions. In this work, these residues were individually changed to Gln (His225) or Asn. The mutated enzymes present 3-6 orders of magnitude lower values of Vmax/Km, indicating high catalytic relevance for these residues. The His225Gln mutant showed increased Km values for Mn2+ and PEP as compared with wild-type enzyme, suggesting a role of His225 in Mn2+ and PEP binding. From 1.5-1.6 Kcal/mol lower affinity for the 3′(2′)-O-(N-methylantraniloyl) derivative of adenosine diphosphate was observed for the His225Gln and Asp263Asn mutant A. succiniciproducens PEP carboxykinases, implying a role of His225 and Asp263 in nucleotide binding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-400
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Protein Chemistry
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2002

Keywords

  • Active site residues
  • Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens
  • Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase
  • Site-directed mutagenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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