Eplerenone Implantation Improved Adipose Dysfunction Averting RAAS Activation and Cell Division

Andrea Vecchiola, Cristóbal A. Fuentes, Isidora Solar, Carlos F. Lagos, Maria Cecilia Opazo, Natalia Muñoz-Durango, Claudia A. Riedel, Gareth I. Owen, Alexis M. Kalergis, Carlos E. Fardella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) activation within adipose tissue, triggers inflammation and metabolic syndrome development. The pharmacological blockade of MR provides beneficial effects for adipose tissue. Our study evaluates the impact of eplerenone implantation upon obesity. Experimental approach: A group of mice with implanted placebo pellets were fed using two types of diet, a normal (ND) or a high fat (HFD) diet. Additionally, a group of mice fed HFD were implanted with an eplerenone pellet. Metabolic and biochemical parameters were assessed in each animal group. Adipocyte size and lipid accumulation were investigated in the liver and adipose tissue. We evaluated the components of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) locally in adipose tissue. Key results: Eplerenone reduced HFD-induced body weight gain, fasting glucose levels, fat accumulation, HFD-induced adipocyte size and liver lipid accumulation and improved glucose tolerance. In the adipose tissue, HFD significantly increased the mRNA levels of the RAAS molecules relative to the ND group. Eplerenone lowered RAAS mRNA levels, components of lipid metabolism and markers of inflammation in HFD-fed animals. Conclusion: MR antagonism with eplerenone diminishes insulin resistance that is related to obesity partly via a reduction of RAAS activation, inflammatory progression and cytokines induction. This suggests that eplerenone should be further studied as a therapeutic option for obesity and overweight.

Original languageEnglish
Article number223
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • aldosterone
  • eplerenone
  • high-fat diet animal model
  • mineralocorticoid receptor
  • MR antagonists
  • obesity
  • RAAS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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