Enhancing Single-Phase Grid Integration Capability of PMSG-Based Wind Turbines to Support Grid Operation under Adverse Conditions

Syed Wajahat Ali, Chun Lien Su, Anant Kumar Verma, Claudio Burgos Mellado, Catalina Gonzalez-Castano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The proposed work delivers a robust control solution for a single-phase permanent magnet synchronous generator-based wind power conversion system (PMSG-WPCS) to enhance grid integration capability. The proposed control approach also offers an extended facility to fulfill low-voltage fault ride-through (LVRT) requirements under adverse grid conditions. Unlike the conventional observer-based PLL (O-PLL) approach, the proposed improved Lyapunov theory-based prefilter (ILP) is helpful in yielding a quadrature signal to solve the single-phase grid synchronization problem. Moreover, the proposed prefilter can leverage delayed signal operation, which improves the harmonic and the DC-offset component rejection abilities while eliminating the need for internal feedback-based submodule blocks for the case of an O-PLL. Consequently, the proposed ILP-PLL exhibits better dynamic behavior to rapidly synchronize a grid-tied power converter and can accurately track the fundamental amplitude information that is required for inverter control to meet the fault ride-through requirements. In addition, the suggested LVRT controller ensures smooth transition between the unity and non-unity power factor modes for superior converter control over reactive current injection into the grid to recover the grid from faults while maintaining a lower amount of total harmonic current distortions. The dynamic performance of the proposed control scheme is experimentally validated in view of the existing O-PLL approach for lower-rating wind-turbine-based PMSG-WPCS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10662
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • fault ride-through
  • Lyapunov’s prefilter
  • phase-locked loop
  • single-phase system
  • wind power conversion system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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