Enhancement of the catalytic activity of fe phthalocyanine for the reduction of O 2 anchored to Au(111) via conjugated self-assembled monolayers of aromatic thiols as compared to Cu phthalocyanine

Ingrid Ponce, J. Francisco Silva, Ruben Oñate, Marcos Caroli Rezende, Maritza A. Paez, José H. Zagal, Jorge Pavez, Fernando Mendizabal, Sebastián Miranda-Rojas, Alvaro Muñoz-Castro, Ramiro Arratia-Pérez

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68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have prepared self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of 4-aminothiophenol (4-ATP) and 1-(4-mercaptophenyl)-2,6-diphenyl-4-(4-pyridyl)pyridinium tetrafluoroborate (MDPP) functionalized with iron phthalocyanine (FePc) and copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) adsorbed on gold (111) electrodes. The catalytic activity of these SAMs/MPc was examined for the reduction of O 2 in aqueous solutions and compared to that of bare gold and with gold coated directly with preadsorbed MPc molecules. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) studies confirm the functionalization of the 4-ATP by MPc. STM images reveal that iron phthalocyanine molecules are chemically anchored to 4-aminothiophenol organic monolayers, probably having an "umbrella" type orientation with regards to the surface. The electrocatalytic studies carried out with Au/4-ATP/FePc and Au/MDPP/FePc electrodes show that the O 2 reduction takes place by the transfer of 4-electron to give water in contrast to a 2-electron transfer process observed for the bare gold. The modified electrode obtained by simple adsorption of FePc directly to the Au(111) surface still promotes the 4-electron reduction process, but it shows a lower activity than the electrodes involving SAMs with FePc molecules positioned at the outmost portion of the self-assembled monolayers. The activity of the electrodes increases as follow: Au < Au/FePc < Au/4-ATP/FePc < Au/MDPP/FePc with the highest activity when FePc molecules are more separated from the Au surface. In contrast, the less active CuPc shows almost the same activity in all three configurations. Theoretical calculations suggest the importance of the back-bonding into the adduct formation, showing the relevance of the supporting gold surface on the electron-transfer process mediated by anchoring ligands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15329-15341
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume116
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Energy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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