Using first-principles density functional theory calculations, we show how Rashba-type energy band splitting in the hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskites APbX3 (A = CH3NH3+, CH(NH2)2+, Cs+, and X = I, Br) can be tuned and enhanced with electric fields and anisotropic strain. In particular, we demonstrate that the magnitude of the Rashba splitting of tetragonal (CH3NH3)PbI3 grows with increasing macroscopic alignment of the organic cations and electric polarization, indicating appreciable tunability with experimentally feasible applied fields, even at room temperature. Further, we quantify the degree to which this effect can be tuned via chemical substitution at the A and X sites, which alters amplitudes of different polar distortion patterns of the inorganic PbX3 cage that directly impact Rashba splitting. In addition, we predict that polar phases of CsPbI3 and (CH3NH3)PbI3 with R3c symmetry possessing considerable Rashba splitting might be accessible at room temperature via anisotropic strain induced by epitaxy, even in the absence of electric fields.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)