Efficacy of class IV laser in the management of musculoskeletal pain: A systematic review

Hernán Andrés de la Barra Ortiz, Sebastián Acevedo Cangas, Antonio Cumio Herrera, Felipe Oñate García, Sebastián Velásquez Velásquez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the main reason for disability in the world, causing pain and functional loss. Class IV laser is a recent treatment proposed for pain reduction in MSDs, although studies supporting its use and dosage are limited. The purpose of the paper was to describe the efficacy of class IV laser in the treatment of musculoskeletal pain. Methods. Randomized clinical trials were identified in the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, and ScienceDirect databases by a search on August 31, 2020. Three independent investigators reviewed article titles and abstracts for eligibility. Risk of bias and quality were evaluated with the Cochrane risk of bias tool and PEDro scale. Decreased pain was considered the main outcome; range of motion, strength, or disability were secondary outcomes. Results. A total of 50 articles were obtained after eliminating duplicates, reduced to 7 after selection criteria application. MSDs included patellofemoral dysfunction (n = 1), epicondylitis (n = 1), osteoarthritis (n = 1), cervicalgia (n = 3), and lumbar radiculopathy (n = 1). The studies had a low risk of bias and a PEDro score greater than 7. Pain reduction was observed at the end of laser treatments and in followup evaluations (p < 0.005); the decrease in disability favoured laser management (p < 0.005). Conclusions. Class IV laser is effective in reducing pain and improving function in patients with MSDs. Further research is necessary to establish a consensus on the dosage and obtain more evidence in MSDs of nonarticular origin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalPhysiotherapy Quarterly
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Class IV laser
  • Lasers
  • Musculoskeletal diseases
  • Musculoskeletal pain
  • Phototherapy
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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