Efficacy of a commercial disinfectant against Vibrio ordalii, Vibrio anguillarum, Francisella sp. and Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis Virus (IPNV) pathogens of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) farmed in Chile

M. Muller, P. Ilardi, R. Avendaño-Herrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The efficacy of the disinfectant Duplalim®, a synergistic blend of superquats and glutaraldehyde, was analysed in vitro against 4 fish pathogens. All concentrations tested (1:200 to 1:400 dilutions) were efficacious on killing Vibrio ordalii and Vibrio anguillarum in seawater after 30 s, being the level of reduction equal to 1.8 × 106 CFU/ml. Higher concentration of Duplalim® (1:50 dilutions) and time of exposure (at least 5 min) is needed to kill completely Francisella sp, an intracellular freshwater pathogen. When Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis Virus (IPNV) was treated with 1:400 disinfectant dilution, this concentration had a significant effect after 2 minutes, regardless of the IPNV titres employed (concentration greater than 107.6 TCID50/ml). Duplalim® was tested in large scale against Vibrionaceae members. In comparison to the controls (without the disinfectant), 1:400 dilutions of Duplalim® totally killed V. ordalii and V. anguillarum in seawater as well as on the surface of the fishing net (used in the cages of cultured salmon) after 15 min. Cultivable bacteria remained constant in the buckets without the disinfectant (1.4 ± 0.3 × 106 CFU/ml), regardless of the period sampled. In the case of the adherence on the fishing net, bacteria not exposed to the disinfectant were detected at a concentration of 7.6 ± 3.2 × 105 CFU/ml. These data indicate that the use of Duplalim ® against V. ordalii, V. anguillarum and IPNV is effective in low concentration and short time of exposure (15 min at a concentration of 1:400 dilutions), while the intracellular pathogen requires higher concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalArchivos de Medicina Veterinaria
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Atlantic salmon
  • Chilean fish pathogens
  • Disinfectant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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