The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of early versus delayed motion on the functional outcomes in patients with distal radius fracture (DRF) treated with a volar locking plate. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials was performed. An electronic search was performed in the Medline, Central, Embase, PEDro, Lilacs, Cinahl, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science databases. The eligibility criteria included randomized clinical trials that compared the effect of early versus delayed motion on wrist and/or upper limb function, pain, grip strength, and wrist range of motion in subjects older than 18 years with DRF treated with a volar locking plate. Five clinical trials were included that met the eligibility criteria for the quantitative synthesis. At 6 weeks, the PRWE questionnaire showed a mean difference (MD) of −10.6 points (p < 0.001), the MD was −11.1 points for the DASH questionnaire (p < 0.001), −0.56 cm for pain on VAS (p = 0.01), 5.0 kg for grip strength (p = 0.01), 12.5 degrees for wrist flexion (p = 0.07), and 12.8 degrees for wrist extension (p = 0.05). All differences favored the early motion treatment. At 3 months of follow-up, only the DASH, pain on VAS, and grip strength showed significant differences in favor of early motion. At 1 year of follow-up, none of the variables studied were different between groups. In the short term, there was moderate to high evidence of clinically and statistically significant differences in the functional outcomes in favor of early versus delayed motion in patients with DRF treated with a volar locking plate. But these differences were not observed at 1 year of follow-up. PROSPERO registration no.: CRD42020158706.
|Translated title of the contribution||Effectiveness of early versus delayed motion in patients with distal radius fracture treated with volar locking plate: A systematic review and meta-analysis|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine