Effects of motor-games-based concurrent training program on body composition indicators of chilean adults with down syndrome

Claudio Farías-Valenzuela, Cristian Cofré-Bolados, Gerson Ferrari, Sebastián Espoz-Lazo, Giovanny Arenas-Sánchez, Sebastián Álvarez-Arangua, Alexis Espinoza-Salinas, Pedro Valdivia-Moral

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Concurrent training of strength and endurance has been widely ued in the field of health, with favorable effects on body composition. However, the effect on the body composition of a ludic-motor concurrent proposal in adults with Down syndrome has not been quantified yet. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a concurrent training program based on motor games on body composition indicators and cardiometabolic risk on schooled male adults with Down syndrome. Methods: The sample is composed of 15 male adults with Down syndrome from Chile. Body composition variables such as body mass index, waist circumference, height to waist ratio, skin folds, perimeters, and muscle areas were assessed at the beginning and end of the program. Subsequently, a program of motor games was designed and implemented for 10 months. Results: Mean and standard deviation for body fat were pre (25.36 ± 5.60) and post (23.01 ± 6.20)%; waist circumference pre (86.00 ± 8.97) and post (82.07 ± 8.38) cm. Brachial perimeter and muscle area were pre (22.30 ± 2.80) and post (23.61 ± 2.28) cm; pre (40.19 ± 10.09) and post (44.77 ± 8.48) cm2, respectively. Our findings showed significant results (p < 0.05): body fat %; sum of folds; waist circumference; height to waist ratio; brachial perimeter and brachial muscle area. Conclusion: A concurrent training program implemented through motor skills games decreases body fat and cardiovascular risk and increases the muscle mass in male adults with Down syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5737
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2021


  • Anthropometry
  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Combined training
  • Intellectual disability
  • Physical health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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