Effects of jump training on physical fitness and athletic performance in endurance runners: A meta-analysis: Jump training in endurance runners

Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, David C. Andrade, Felipe García-Pinillos, Yassine Negra, Daniel Boullosa, Jason Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the effects of jump training (JT) on measures of physical fitness and athletic performances in endurance runners. Controlled studies which involved healthy endurance runners, of any age and sex, were considered. A random-effects model was used to calculate effect sizes (ES; Hedge’s g). Means and standard deviations of outcomes were converted to ES with alongside 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Twenty-one moderate-to-high quality studies were included in the meta-analysis, and these included 511 participants. The main analyses revealed a significant moderate improvement in time-trial performance (i.e. distances between 2.0 and 5.0 km; ES = 0.88), without enhancements in maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), velocity at VO2max, velocity at submaximal lactate levels, heart rate at submaximal velocities, stride rate at submaximal velocities, stiffness, total body mass or maximal strength performance. However, significant small-to-moderate improvements were noted for jump performance, rate of force development, sprint performance, reactive strength, and running economy (ES = 0.36–0.73; p < 0.001 to 0.031; I2  = 0.0% to 49.3%). JT is effective in improving physical fitness and athletic performance in endurance runners. Improvements in time-trial performance after JT may be mediated through improvements in force generating capabilities and running economy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2030-2050
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume39
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • high-intensity interval training
  • plyometric exercise
  • Resistance training
  • running
  • sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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