Efectos de un programa de ejercicio físico estructurado sobre los niveles de condición física y el estado nutricional de obesos mórbidos y obesos con comorbilidades

Translated title of the contribution: Effects of a structured physical exercise program on levels of physical fitness and nutritional status of the morbidly obese and obese with comorbidities

Pedro Delgado Floody, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Héctor Ovalle Elgueta, Manuel Concha Díaz, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Aldo Osorio Poblete

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The increase of the physical condition collaborates to a decrease of the factors of risk of cardiovascular disease in morbid obese in morbid population. Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of a program of physical exercise on nutritional status and physical condition of obese and morbidly obese candidates for bariatric surgery. Material and methods: 18 women and 4 men between the ages of 18 and 60 year old candidates for bariatric surgery, 16 with morbid obesity and 6 with obesity and comorbidities were subjected to a program of physical exercise, with nutritional and psychological support during 5 months (3 session/week), before and 72 hours after the last meeting were evaluated: weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, cardio respiratory fitness, bioenergetics, dynamic force maximum and hand grip strength. Results: The weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000) and the CW (p = 0.000) showed significant changes with the intervention. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure did not improve significantly (p > 0.05). Cardio capacity, maximum dynamic force, hand grip strength and the bioenergetics capacity improved its levels reached statistical significance (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The intervention was feasible of developing, with high adhesion, it did not present risk for the health of the subjects and the physical condition increased significantly, in addition each 1 kg of weight lost there was a decrease of approximately 0,5 mmHg in systolic blood pressure and 1 cm in the contour waist, improving the conditions of the participants.

Translated title of the contributionEffects of a structured physical exercise program on levels of physical fitness and nutritional status of the morbidly obese and obese with comorbidities
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)107
Number of pages5
JournalNutricion Hospitalaria
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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